Engineered Timber

What is Engineered Timber?

Engineered Timber is a prefinished range of timber flooring. It has all the natural beauty and characteristics of real timber, however is engineered as a floating floor system, so it can be used directly on concrete floor finishes and is prefinished so there is no site stabilising time or messy sanding and sealer coating.

The engineered boards consist of multiple layers:

  1. Protective coatings for wear resistance.
  2. A 3.2mm layer of a solid timber species.
  3. A 9.5mm middle core layer of plantation grown timber.  This also houses the tongue and groove system.
  4. A 1.5mm bottom layer balancing veneer.
Engineered Timber layers, cross-sectional view

Engineered Timber layers, cross-sectional view

All these layers are cross laminated (meaning in different directions) which makes for a very stable product.

TimberTop® Eco-Friendly Advantage

Today more than ever, timber, if it is sourced correctly, is one of the most renewable resources in the world.  TimberTop® uses timber that is planted for the production of natural rubber as the base for products.

TimberTop® takes great pride in the fact that the majority of the 3-layer engineered flooring composition encompasses the usage of renewable timber resources. 75% of each plank composition is made up of plantation species and 25% is from precious timber veneers. This meets the international standard of declaring a product environmentally friendly. TimberTop® is an environmentally safe and beautiful product.

What to look for in an Engineered Timber Floor

This information is designed to help you make the most informed decision when choosing your Engineered Timber Floating Floor. We encourage you to consider this information carefully.

Overall Thickness

Generally the thickness of prefinished floating engineered timber floors is between 10mm and 17mm. In general terms, the thicker the product the more stable it is and less susceptible to movement such as bowing, twisting and cupping.

Thickness of Wear Layer

The thickness of the wear layer determines whether or not you can rejuvenate the floor after a period of time by re-sanding and finishing the floor.  Please refer to our Warranty Information prior to undertaking any work.


When comparing hardness of different products it is simply the species, or type of timber, that is measured. If both products are Merbau for example, they will have similar hardness – it is not reliant on the manufacturing process. Timber hardness is measured by dropping a steel ball from a specified height onto the timber and denting it. The measurement is reported in kN of force required to make the dent.

Colour Variation

Timber is a natural product and colour variation will occur. Samples displayed and provided are indicative only and will not match the floor installed. Other variations will also occur, such as small knots, grain variation, gum or sap marks and mineral marks. All variations are normal and not considered defects, therefore will not be covered under warranty.


Finishes on egnineered timber floating floors also vary from product to product. A minimum of three coats is necessary to achieve a wear layer sufficient for day to day use in a domestic application. Most have five coats and some use a filler coat to fill any small surface pits that may occur during manufacture.

Engineered Timber Floors

Install Process: Engineered timber flooring is typically laid over a 2mm foam underlay, with an integrated moisture barrier. The floor is laid by gluing the long edges of the boards together, leaving a 10mm expansion gap, which is covered either by skirtings or beading.

Points of Interest in respect to Engineered Floors:

  • Engineered floors have been specifically designed to be laid over concrete subfloors, so they overcome a lot of the issues that arise when dealing with floor heights and moisture.
  • The subfloor does not need to be perfectly flat (though it helps), as a 2mm foam underlay is used to take up imperfections. This also helps with noise reduction. Please read Installation instructions included with your product for specific subfloor requirements.
  • The overall height of engineered flooring is generally around 16mm (3/4 inch), which matches up with most other flooring types.
  • The use of a good underlay will also allow the floor to be warmer in winter.
  • As engineered floors are prefinished, there is no need to have the floor sanded.
  • It also eliminates the added six to ten days of downtime required to coat a floor.
  • An engineered floor is very quick and easy to install. A good install team can install up to 200m2 a day, meaning an average job may be finished in one day.


Please view our Engineered Timber and Laminate Care section, or our Caring For Your Floors Brochures.

Engineered Timber Floor Installation

Timber Flooring has always been a favourite in the Australian market, however, in volume building it has been viewed as delicate and time consuming in terms of construction time.

The advent of prefinished Engineered Timber Flooring has been the perfect solution in terms of reducing not only installation costs, but also reducing timely construction costs. However, as a floor covering, timber has the potential for damage and wear during the construction process. This issue can be minimised, or even eliminated, if the installation process is deferred to the end of construction.

Combining our sophisticated booking and delivery system, with our trained installation professionals, we can provide a rapid and efficient turnaround delivery and installation program.